IIT Bombay is an autonomous institute and a deemed university. It is governed by a Board of Governors with its Chairman nominated by the Visitor (the President of India). It is guided by the IIT Council — a common apex body for all IITs — established by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India. The Director is the executive head of the institute. He is appointed by MHRD for a period of five years. He chairs the Senate, which is the authority on all academic matters, and is also a Member of the Board of Governors and of the IIT Council. Two deputy Directors (Academic & Infrastructural Affairs and Finance & External Affairs) and seven Deans (Infrastructure Planning & Support, Research & Development, Academic Programmes, Students Affairs, Alumni & Corporate Relations, Faculty Affairs and International Relations) assist the Director in his executive roles. The Senate comprises all the professors of the institute and a few nominated members. It is responsible for controlling the maintenance of standards of instruction, education and examinations and other allied academic matters. The Registrar and senior officials in specific areas (Academic Affairs, Estate Management, Materials Management, Finance & Accounts, Administration, Personnel Training & Development and Publications & Public Relations) perform other administrative functions. The Institute Advisory Council is a non-statutory body comprising eminent personalities from business, industry and academia, which reviews and makes suggestions on long-term policies and short-term goals.